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Location: Douglas, Coffee Co., The Other Georgia, United States

Sid in his law office where he sits when meeting with clients. Observant eyes will notice the statuette of one of Sid's favorite Democrats.

Sunday, January 05, 2014

Can Obama raise his job approval ratings enough for a political recovery?

Chris Cillizza writes in The Washington Post:

Here’s a surprisingly complex question: Can President Obama actually recover, politically speaking? And, if so, what does that “recovery” look like?

The president is mired in the worst extended polling dip of his five years in office, dragged down by a series of scandals (National Security Agency spying, IRS) and fumbles (the rollout of HealthCare.gov).

Gallup’s month-by-month breakdown of Obama’s 2013 job approval numbers shows a steady decline from 52 percent approval in January to 41 percent by December. The Washington Post-ABC News poll pegged Obama’s job approval rating at 55 percent in January 2013; he ended the year with just 43 percent of Americans approving of the job he was doing as president.

Obama is now far closer to the approval trajectory of George W. Bush during his second term than that of either Bill Clinton or Ronald Reagan. Pew Research Center data show that a year into their second terms, Reagan’s approval stood at 62 percent, while Clinton’s was 58 percent. Obama was at 41 percent as of November 2013, more on par with Bush’s 36 percent in November 2005.

“I don’t think it’s possible to get to Reagan or Clinton levels from where Obama is now, especially since there are more problems looming for Obamacare,” said Glen Bolger, a partner at the Republican polling firm Public Opinion Strategies. “However, to get back to the low 50s, the president needs to rally with independent voters. Betting on that happening, however, is like betting on Andy Reid in the playoffs — not advisable!”

Digging into the numbers largely bears out Bolger’s assessment. The 12-point drop in Obama’s approval rating from January 2013 to December 2013 is not attributable to Republicans (17 percent approved in January, 13 percent in December), but rather to a precipitous drop among independents (down 14 points) and, interestingly, Democrats (down 15 points).

The dip among Democrats explains why Obama has of late focused on economic inequality (unemployment insurance, minimum wage increase, etc.) in his speeches and policy proposals. Those moves are aimed at rallying the Democratic base and, with it, Obama’s approval numbers.

But, his standing among independents and Republicans speaks to the broader difficulties for Obama in “recovering” to Clinton or Reagan territory in his second term.

Among Republicans, Obama’s disastrous year had remarkably little impact on how they regarded him. (The decline from 17 percent approval to 13 percent approval is statistically insignificant.) Given that, it’s reasonable to conclude that nothing will move the Obama number among Republicans — in much the same way that by this time of Bush’s second term, he had lost Democrats completely. If one in five (or less) self-identified Republicans approves of the job he is doing, it’s virtually impossible for Obama’s numbers to ever come close to Clinton/Reagan range.

Then there is the independent problem. There’s little doubt that the debacle that was the rollout of the health-care Web site — and the resultant negative news coverage — damaged Obama among unaffiliated voters.

“The president is being weighed down by one issue, his health-care law,” Democratic pollster Fred Yang told the Wall Street Journal. “It’s probably fair to say that as goes health care, so goes the Obama presidency for the next year.”

The issue for Obama in Yang’s statement is that opinions about the health-care law have remained remarkably stable (and negative) for the last several years. With a single exception in September 2012, support for the law has been in the low-40s/high-30s percentage range since spring of 2010, according to monthly tracking polls conducted by the Kaiser Family Foundation. That consistency suggests that moving independents (or anyone else) off of their position on the law is an extremely difficult task.

(Worth noting: Many Democrats argue that independent voters are increasingly Republicans as GOPers disaffected with the tea party wing move to the unaffiliated ranks, skewing what “independent” numbers really mean. That said, among “pure” independents, who lean to neither party, just 25 percent carried a favorable view of the health-care law while 52 percent had an unfavorable opinion in the December Kaiser tracking poll.)

Add it all up, and you can conclude two things: 1) Obama’s best (only?) strategy to move the needle on his approval numbers in the near term is to rally Democrats, and 2) even if that rallying happens, he will still find himself well short of the lofty ratings enjoyed by Reagan and Clinton in their second terms.

In the longer term, Republican pollster Jon Lerner argues that the best chance for an Obama approval surge is actually a GOP victory. “It will only happen if the Republicans take over the Senate in 2014, and Obama moves to the center in 2015-16, including accepting some changes to Obamacare,” Lerner argued. “In his second term, Clinton made deals with the GOP-controlled Congress. In his second term, Reagan made deals with Gorbachev.”


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